Keeping a healthy and beautiful smile requires more than just brushing the teeth every day. In order to prevent decay and keep teeth strong for a lifetime, patients must also keep the gums healthy and strong. The leading cause of tooth decay and tooth loss for adult patients is gum disease. Sadly, this condition often goes undiagnosed because patients don’t fully understand what the symptoms of gum disease are.
Today we will learn how to recognize some of the symptoms of gum disease, and explain how the disease progresses. Dr. McKay and team with the believe that the more informed patients are, the better equipped they are to maintain their oral health!
The first stage of gum disease is gingivitis. The symptoms of gingivitis are swollen and tender gums that easily bleed when a patient brushes and flosses. Gingivitis is a bacterial infection in the gum tissue. When left untreated, this infection may spread and create even more complications.
If gingivitis is allowed to progress to gum disease, it can turn into a condition call periodontitis. When a patient suffers from periodontitis, harmful oral bacteria may spread from the gum tissue to the teeth, connective tissues, and jawbone. When left untreated, periodontitis can lead to loose teeth, tooth loss, and deterioration of the jaw bone. Patients often times notice that the teeth aren’t stable in the mouth, or that they are shifting along the jawline.
It is extremely important for patients with symptoms of gingivitis or periodontitis to contact the right away. The sooner patients begin treatment, the much less likely it is that they will suffer from the long-term complications of gum disease. If you are a patient who would like to learn more about the symptoms, treatments, and preventative measures of gum disease, give Dr. McKay and team with the a call today!